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Scientific Studies on E.O's

Hypocrites, Galen and Dioscorides researched and wrote about plants. Their research was later confirmed by 20th century research. Hypocrites, the father of modern medicine, believed plants had antibacterial properties. He developed herbal medicine into a scientific discipline, basing prescriptions upon accurate observation and diagnosis.

Galen, the physician to the gladiators, sent Greek soldiers into battle with a First aid kit containing myrrh essential oil.

Dioscorides discovered the first source of aspirin made from willow.

During the plagues and epidemics in Europe the apothecary, cosmetic chemist and perfumers, who handled essential oils daily, escaped the plagues and epidemics without illness.

      Buch found that Lavender, Neroli and Sandalwood decrease the motility of mice, even when the mice are agitated with caffeine.

S. Torii, measured skin potential levels (SPL’s), which are related to mental activity and correspond with the arousal of a test person. Chamomile was found to sedate and Jasmine was found to stimulate a test subject. SPL’s changes were parallel to activity of the sympathetic nervous system. CNV, which shows the upward shifts
in brain waves, recorded by an EEG that occurs when a subject is tense or anticipating something.

Torii found that Lavender decreased CNV and Jasmine increased CNV. This was confirmed by Kubota et al. Heart rate and blood pressure was also used to measure study effects.

In 1881, Koch studied the bactericidal action of turpentine (a chemical family of essential oil components) on anthrax spores.

In 1887, Chamberland studied the activity of the essences of oregano, cinnamon and clove bacillus anthracis.

In 1910, Martindale showed that the essential oil of oregano is the strongest plant-derived antiseptic known to date. Oregano is 25 to 76 times more active than isolated phenol on the colibacillus.

In 1937, Rene-Maurice Gattefosse first introduced the term “Aromatherapy” in his book, Aromatherapie.

1949-1950 Schroeder and Messing developed a technique that later became the aromatogram (a testing method that allows one to examine the effectiveness of essential oils in treating a wide range of conditions).

1954-1956 Kellner and Kobert published a study on the action of 175 essential oils against eight airborne bacteria and fungi. They identified a group of 21 particularly oils, including Spanish oregano.

In 1960, Maruzzella demonstrated antibacterial and anti-fungal effects of hundreds of aromatic compounds.

Professor Paolo Rovesti, Director of the Institute Derivati Vegatali in Milan was able to show that depression and anxiety could be relieved by the inhalation of the oils from certain plants.

In 1964, Jean Valnet published The Practice of Aromatherapy.

Valnet found that he was able to cure long-term psychiatric patients by administering essential oils with almost immediate results.

In 1969, M. Girault used the aromatogram technique to develop effective essential oil treatments for the specific flora of each patient.

In 1972, H. Audhoui, P. Belaiche, J. Bourgeon, P. Duraffourd, C. Duraffourd, M. Girault and J.C. Lapraz employed the aromatogram technique to develop treatments for a broad range of infectious illnesses. Forty essences and one tincture were studied.

In 1973, Jacques Pellecuer reestablished the antibacterial and anti-fungal actions of the Mediterranean labiatae, rosemary and thyme, and the phenomenal effectiveness of Satureja Montana.

In 1973, Wagner and Sprinkmeyer demonstrated an essential oil mix to have broader activity than broad-spectrum antibiotics.

In 1974, Deininger provided clinical proof in double-blind studies on the effectiveness of essential oils for autonomic nervous system imbalances.

In 1977, Robert Tisserand published the first English language aromatherapy book, “The Art of Aromatherapy”.

In 1978, Paul Belaiche published his three-volume study on the clinical uses of aromatherapy for treating a wide range of infectious and degenerative illnesses.

In 1979, Kubeczka developed guidelines for determining the quality of essential oils used for medicinal purposes.

In 1987, Deininger and Lembke demonstrated antiviral activity of essential oils and their isolated components. At the Pasteur Institute microbes were isolated in a culture medium and then subjected to an essential oil. (If the essential oil effectively killed or inhibited the bacterium, the result was considered positive.)

In 1990, Pierre Franchomme and Daniel Penoel published the current textbook of medicinal aromatherapy, L’aromatherapie exactement.

In 1995, R. Deininger, one of the most respected essential oil researchers wrote,

“The main use of the anti-microbial action of essential oils are trivial infections in the context of self-medication: Infections of the respiratory system (in combination with a spasmolytic actions of essential oils), skin infections (e.g. herpes virus), disease of the gastrointestinal tract (in combination with spasmolytic action), urinary tract infections (in connection with diuretic action).

Advantages: Include a broad spectrum of activity. Side-effects are not to be expected when the products are used properly.”

Today in France, essential oils are used primarily for infection control. Only Doctors can be certified as Aroma therapist in France. Doctors prescribe essential oils and insurance companies pay for them.

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  • Guest (nicole)

    Great !! Am using this for an assignment !